Time-Based Instructions

Learning about the Task

Tying shoelaces is something most people learn at a young age, but how do people learn to memorize the steps in that? Personally, I was taught learning it by thinking of bunny ears. It was a way for me to understand and memorize at a young age.

There are different ways to tie shoelaces. I learned a process that is about four steps to tying shoelaces. The first step is to cross the two laces with one on top of the other and then you put it over and under the other lace. It’s good to make sure that you pull it tightly. You make a bunny ear with each lace and do the same step as the first one where you place one ear over the other and put it under the other bunny ear. You then pull the two bunny ears tightly to make sure it’s secure. I noticed that the shoelaces can come off easily if it’s not pulled tightly. I also noticed that it’s good to keep the bunny ears not too big when it’s tied and the single strands shouldn’t be too long.

Doing this task takes about five seconds for me and doesn’t require a lot of skills because it’s overall very simple.


For my storyboard, I decided to use a black shoe so the white shoelaces are more visible. The white contrasts against the black so that it’s more clear for the viewers on what is going on. I also did it on top of a marble table to add a bit more color or aesthetics, but I think it was kind of a distraction.

I also wanted to film in the learner’s perspective because the learner is watching this and this perspective is the usual way of tying shoelaces. I thought it’d be more effective for the learner to look at the video the same way they are looking at their shoe.

Looking at the pictures, I noticed that there are a lot of shadows which is also very distracting. I think it would be better if there are less shadows.

First Video Trial

After looking at what I had to fix from the storyboard, I decided to film it on a solid color background so it’s not as distracting as the marble print in the storyboard. I think the neutral tone isn’t so distracting and it creates a good background, however, the pattern of the carpet makes me kind of worried if I should just place a piece of paper that has no texture.

While taking pictures for my first storyboard, I didn’t have a tripod so that pictures were all taken in slightly different angles. However, for my first trial video, I was able to film it with a steady tripod.

I also decided to film some clips that are zoomed up in some steps that are more confusing than others. I took the videos in a different angle since they are zoomed up, however, I think I should have kept it horizontal the whole time instead of changing to vertical. I also took the sound off because I didn’t think sound is important when tying and lacing shoelaces. I don’t think it’s an important thing for the viewers to hear since it wouldn’t help their understanding unlike making pancakes or tea.

Second Video Trial

For the second video trial, I made my own tripod by using a stack of books and a ruler. I did this by adding a long ruler on the chair with a heavy stack of books on top of the ruler. I added my phone at the edge of the ruler where it was sticking off the chair. I eventually made a perfect tripod that could capture the angle that I wanted.

I decided to just tweak the zoomed up parts so that it’s horizontal. I wanted to capture the zoomed clips at a different angle so that the audience knows that I am trying to emphasize the more difficult steps and to make things more clear. However, the zoomed up clips were very shaky since I couldn’t find a way to position the homemade tripod in that specific angle.

Peer Review

After the peer review, a lot of the feedback said I should keep my camera steady. I also need to make the zoomed parts up more stable since it was a bit shaky. I want to consider adding the sound now since it seems to be uncomfortable for the people watching it.

After watching a lot of people’s videos, there were some where I was very interested while watching and some where I had a feeling like I was forced to watch. The ones where I found that were interesting were ones that had an interesting introduction or had a unique way to show the process. This made me think that I should add something more interesting rather than just the steps of how to lace and tie shoelaces. Saying my concern about how my task isn’t as interesting compared to other tasks, Stacie and Steve responded with an answer that made me brainstorm a lot about my video.

Coincidentally while I had my shoe on, my dog started untying my shoelaces. This gave me an idea of adding a short intro in the beginning that could possibly capture the audience’s attention. I also tried filming it with sound and after filming it, the sound of the shoelaces going through the holes make a very ambient sound which was not so distracting.


After filming many times and finally making a video that I thought had the best outcomes of this project, I learned a lot about what is important in communicating with visuals, time, and sound.

At first I didn’t think sound was crucial to my video since lacing and tying shoelaces don’t really need sound to it. However, I think the video being completely silent is a bit awkward and uncomfortable for the audience. I think a bit of sound is important not for understanding the process but for a good outcome of the video.

I think a video that has good communication is one that has clear visuals. My first attempt was having the shoe on a marble background, however, I found out that it was very distracting for the audience.

In the beginning I struggled a lot to fit the video within one minute because I was tying the shoelaces too slowly since I wanted the steps to be clear and visible, but there were some unnecessary steps that I didn’t have to slowly show. For example, my first video included all the lacing steps and I was going very slowly, however, this isn’t always necessary since it’s a repetitive process. For my final, I cut and deleted a lot in the lacing process since it was very repetitive and not as important. I also learned that it could be kind of boring for the audience if I went at a slow pace and showed the repetitive steps.




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Renee Chang

Renee Chang

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